Subsidy Tracker: Industry Summary Page

Major Industry: 
private equity (including portfolio companies)
Subsidy Total: 
$3,407,427,107
Number of Awards: 
3,319
Time Period: 

Earliest year of data: 1988. Availability of data for earlier years varies greatly from program to program. The majority of the listings for this industry are for the period since 2011.

Notes: 

The dollar total above adjusts for the fact that there is an overlap between the amounts in one or more Megadeal entries and those of one or more of the other entries. The total includes only those entries matched to a parent company. The industry designation is the primary one for the parent's operations overall. Dollar totals do not include awards for which no subsidy value is disclosed.


Top 10 Parent CompaniesTotal Subsidy $Number of Awards
Apollo Global Management$621,104,537166
Riverstone Holdings$470,847,93371
Energy Capital Partners$248,706,97446
Blackstone$159,681,96163
Cerberus Capital Management$145,651,931100
Bridgewater Associates$145,000,0002
Onex$142,728,76875
Searchlight Capital$135,000,0003
Mid Oaks Investments$130,260,58629
EQT AB$121,287,89646


Individual Subsidy Records:

Download results as CSV or XML (maximum 10,000; for access to larger downloads contact Kasia Tarczynska)
Company Parent Location Subsidy Source Yearsort icon Subsidy Value Loan/Bailout Value Type of Subsidy
West Corporation Apollo Global Management Nebraska state 1999 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
BMC Software Texas LP Bain Capital Texas state 1999 undisclosed property tax abatement
DFW/Wheatland-PETsMART BC Partners Texas local 1999 $28,921 property tax abatement
Sithe Energies Fore River Energy Plant/Sithe Edgar LLC Blackstone Massachusetts state 1999 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
Sithe Mystic Development Blackstone Massachusetts state 1999 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
Compuware Corp. Thoma Bravo Michigan multiple 1999 $100,000,000 MEGADEAL
Noramco, Inc. SK Capital Partners Ohio state 1999 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
PETsMART, Inc. BC Partners Ohio state 1999 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
American Stores Properties, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management Illinois Local 1999 $5,600,000 tax increment financing
Coldwater Creek Sycamore Partners Management Idaho state 1998 $27,400 training reimbursement
Tower Automotive Operations USA I, LLC (f/k/a R. J. Tower Corporation) KPS Capital Partners, LP Kentucky state 1998 $3,000,000 tax credit/rebate
Remington Arms Company, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management Kentucky state 1998 $1,000,000 tax credit/rebate
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE PLYMOUTH INC KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1998 undisclosed property tax abatement
EAGLE-PICHER AUTOMOTIVE/HILLSDALE TOOL Apollo Global Management Michigan local 1998 undisclosed property tax abatement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE TOOL LLC KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1998 undisclosed property tax abatement
EAGLE PICHER AUTOMOTIVE Apollo Global Management Michigan local 1998 undisclosed property tax abatement
TRYLON CORP. KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1998 undisclosed property tax abatement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE TOOL LLC. KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1998 undisclosed property tax abatement
IMCO RECYCLING OF MICHIGAN LLC Oaktree Capital Management Michigan local 1998 undisclosed property tax abatement
MAMMOTH INC Melrose Industries Michigan local 1998 undisclosed property tax abatement
Bergdorf Goodman, Inc. Ares Management New York local 1998 $430,688 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Standard Fruit & Vegetable KKR & Co. Texas local 1998 $5,240 property tax abatement
VeriFone, Inc. Francisco Partners Florida state 1998 $468,600 tax credit/rebate
Bergdorf Goodman, Inc. Ares Management New York local 1998 $455,954 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
DiverseyLever Bain Capital Ohio state 1998 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
GKN Driveline Bowling Green, Inc. Melrose Industries Ohio state 1998 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
Attachmate Corporation Golden Gate Capital Ohio state 1998 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
HCR Manor Care Services, LLC et al. Carlyle Group Ohio state 1998 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE TOOL LLC KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1997 undisclosed property tax abatement
ADCO PRODUCTS American Securities LLC Michigan local 1997 undisclosed property tax abatement
IMCO RECYCLING OF MICHIGAN Oaktree Capital Management Michigan local 1997 undisclosed property tax abatement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE INC. KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1997 undisclosed property tax abatement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE TOOL LLC KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1997 undisclosed property tax abatement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE TOOL LLC KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1997 undisclosed property tax abatement
INTERAMERICAN ZINC INC. Oaktree Capital Management Michigan local 1997 undisclosed property tax abatement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE MICHIGAN LTD KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1997 undisclosed property tax abatement
PIONEER METAL FINISHING INC. Aterian Investment Partners Michigan local 1997 undisclosed property tax abatement
GREENFIELD DIE & MANUFACTURING CORPORATION MiddleGround Capital Michigan local 1997 undisclosed property tax abatement
U.S. FILTER CORPORATION AEA Investors Michigan local 1997 undisclosed property tax abatement
PIONEER METAL FINISHING INC. Aterian Investment Partners Michigan local 1997 undisclosed property tax abatement
Hancor, Inc. American Securities LLC Florida state 1997 $728,330 grant
Staples, Inc. Sycamore Partners Management Massachusetts state 1997 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
Rexall Sundown, Inc. Carlyle Group Florida state 1997 $750,000 tax credit/rebate
Barnes & Noble, Inc. Elliott Management New Jersey state 1997 $337,680 grant
Dialogic Corporation TowerBrook Capital Partners New Jersey state 1997 $861,600 grant
Borden Chemical Apollo Global Management Ohio local 1997 undisclosed enterprise zone
Corporate Express (printing) Sycamore Partners Management North Carolina state 1997 $300,000 grant
Gates Rubber Blackstone North Carolina state 1997 $400,000 grant
Tower Automotive Products Company, Inc. KPS Capital Partners, LP Ohio state 1997 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
McGraw-Hill Education, Inc. Apollo Global Management Ohio state 1997 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
Coldwater Creek Sycamore Partners Management Idaho state 1996 $16,725 training reimbursement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE INC KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1996 undisclosed property tax abatement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE TOOL LLC KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1996 undisclosed property tax abatement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE PLYMOUTH INC KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1996 undisclosed property tax abatement
ESCANABA PAPER COMPANY Apollo Global Management Michigan local 1996 undisclosed property tax abatement
EAGLE PICHER AUTOMOTIVE Apollo Global Management Michigan local 1996 undisclosed property tax abatement
EAGLE-PICHER AUTOMOTIVE/HILLSDALE TOOL Apollo Global Management Michigan local 1996 undisclosed property tax abatement
EAGLE-PICHER IND. INC. TRIM DIV. Apollo Global Management Michigan local 1996 undisclosed property tax abatement
EAGLE PICHER AUTOMOTIVE HILLSDALE TOOL DIV. Apollo Global Management Michigan local 1996 undisclosed property tax abatement
C & H DESIGN MiddleGround Capital Michigan local 1996 undisclosed property tax abatement
West Corporation Apollo Global Management Nebraska state 1996 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
Corporate Express of the East, Inc. Sycamore Partners Management Massachusetts state 1996 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
Peterson Spring MiddleGround Capital Massachusetts state 1996 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
Hancor, Inc. American Securities LLC Florida state 1996 $180,000 tax credit/rebate
Medina Blanking, Inc. MiddleGround Capital Ohio state 1996 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
Sectional Die Company MiddleGround Capital Ohio state 1996 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
GKN Sinter Metals, LLC Melrose Industries Ohio state 1996 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
Remington Arms Company, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management North Carolina state 1996 $150,000 grant
Pet Smart Inc. BC Partners Illinois Local 1996 $800,000 tax increment financing
Tower Automotive Operations USA I, LLC (f/k/a R. J. Tower Corporation) KPS Capital Partners, LP Kentucky state 1995 $45,000,000 tax credit/rebate
EAGLE PICHER-HILLSDALE TOOL DIVISION Apollo Global Management Michigan local 1995 undisclosed property tax abatement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE INC KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1995 undisclosed property tax abatement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE TOOL LLC KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1995 undisclosed property tax abatement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE TOOL LLC KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1995 undisclosed property tax abatement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE TOOL LLC KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1995 undisclosed property tax abatement
Danaher Tool Group Bain Capital Massachusetts state 1995 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
Sectional Stamping, Inc. MiddleGround Capital Ohio state 1995 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
U.S. FILTER CORPORATION AEA Investors Michigan local 1994 undisclosed property tax abatement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE MICHIGAN LTD KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1994 undisclosed property tax abatement
EAGLE-PICHER AUTOMOTIVE/HILLSDALE TOOL DIV. Apollo Global Management Michigan local 1994 undisclosed property tax abatement
EAGLE PICHER AUTOMOTIVE/HILLSDALE TOOL Apollo Global Management Michigan local 1994 undisclosed property tax abatement
Trugreen Clayton Dubilier & Rice Virginia local 1994 $40,000 grant
McGraw-Hill Education, Inc. Apollo Global Management Ohio state 1994 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
Toledo Technologies American Securities LLC Ohio state 1994 undisclosed tax credit/rebate
ESCANABA PAPER COMPANY Apollo Global Management Michigan local 1993 undisclosed property tax abatement
ESCANABA PAPER COMPANY Apollo Global Management Michigan local 1993 undisclosed property tax abatement
ESCANABA PAPER COMPANY Apollo Global Management Michigan local 1993 undisclosed property tax abatement
DIVERSEY CORPORATION Bain Capital Michigan local 1993 undisclosed property tax abatement
TOWER AUTOMOTIVE-ROMULUS KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1993 undisclosed property tax abatement
ADCO PRODUCTS INC. American Securities LLC Michigan local 1993 undisclosed property tax abatement
GKN Melrose Industries North Carolina state 1993 $240,408 grant
KALAMAZOO STAMPING & DIE COMPANY KPS Capital Partners, LP Michigan local 1992 undisclosed property tax abatement
JL FRENCH AUTOMOTIVE CASTINGS INC Onex Michigan local 1992 undisclosed property tax abatement
DIVERSEY CORPORATION Bain Capital Michigan local 1992 undisclosed property tax abatement
Armstrong Hardwood Flooring Company (f/n/a Hartco Flooring Company) American Industrial Partners Kentucky state 1989 $5,400,000 tax credit/rebate
Perstorp Polyols PAI Partners Ohio local 1988 undisclosed enterprise zone
BARNES & NOBLE COLLEGE BOOKSELLERS, LLC Elliott Management New Jersey state undisclosed tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
CHARLOTTE RUSSE, INC. Advent International New Jersey state undisclosed tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
COVANTA ESSEX COMPANY EQT AB New Jersey state undisclosed tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
DURO BAG MANUFACTURING CO. Wind Point Partners New Jersey state undisclosed tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
FIVE BELOW, INC. Advent International New Jersey state undisclosed tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Download results as CSV or XML (maximum 10,000; for access to larger downloads contact Kasia Tarczynska)