Subsidy Tracker: Industry Summary Page

Major Industry: 
private equity (including portfolio companies)
Subsidy Total: 
$2,392,822,263
Number of Awards: 
3,057
Time Period: 

Earliest year of data: 1988. Availability of data for earlier years varies greatly from program to program. The majority of the listings for this industry are for the period since 2011.

Notes: 

The dollar total above adjusts for the fact that there is an overlap between the amounts in one or more Megadeal entries and those of one or more of the other entries. The total includes only those entries matched to a parent company. The industry designation is the primary one for the parent's operations overall. Dollar totals do not include awards for which no subsidy value is disclosed.


Top 10 Parent CompaniesTotal Subsidy $Number of Awards
Riverstone Holdings$438,303,19042
Energy Capital Partners$176,495,62729
Blackstone$157,548,35760
Cerberus Capital Management$156,378,705334
Onex$142,710,40476
Searchlight Capital$135,069,0424
Mid Oaks Investments$126,377,38628
Bridgewater Associates$115,000,0001
Thoma Bravo$103,780,5948
Apollo Global Management$89,922,620149


Individual Subsidy Records:

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Company Parent Locationsort icon Subsidy Source Year Subsidy Value Loan/Bailout Value Type of Subsidy
GKN Driveline North America, Inc. Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2008 $542,945 tax credit/rebate
GKN Sinter Metals, Inc. Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2008 $269,374 tax credit/rebate
Frontier Spinning Mills, Inc. American Securities North Carolina state 2008 $208,230 tax credit/rebate
Affinia Group, Inc. Cypress Group North Carolina state 2008 $170,816 tax credit/rebate
Associated Materials Incorporated Hellman & Friedman North Carolina state 2008 $99,964 tax credit/rebate
Magneti Marelli Holding USA, Inc. KKR & Co. North Carolina state 2008 $72,282 tax credit/rebate
Armstrong Hardwood Flooring American Industrial Partners North Carolina state 2008 $23,674 tax credit/rebate
GKN Driveline North America, Inc. Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2011 $75,000 tax credit/rebate
Pharmaceutical Research Associates, Inc. KKR & Co. North Carolina state 2011 $61,500 tax credit/rebate
Affinia Group, Inc. Cypress Group North Carolina state 2011 $107,940 tax credit/rebate
American Tire Distributors, Inc. TPG Capital North Carolina state 2011 $478,248 tax credit/rebate
Prince Minerals, Inc. American Securities North Carolina state 2011 $3,741 tax credit/rebate
GKN Driveline North America, Inc. Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2012 $1,121,150 grant
GKN Driveline North America, Inc. Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2012 $7,982 tax credit/rebate
Frontier Spinning Mills, Inc. American Securities North Carolina state 2012 $23,455 tax credit/rebate
Pharmaceutical Research Associates Inc. KKR & Co. North Carolina state 2012 $115,500 tax credit/rebate
Affinia Group, Inc. Cypress Group North Carolina state 2012 $172,814 tax credit/rebate
GKN Driveline North America, Inc. Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2012 $305,000 tax credit/rebate
DynCorp Cerberus Capital Management North Carolina state 2012 $360,000 tax credit/rebate
Frontier Spinning Mills, Inc. American Securities North Carolina state 2012 $799,911 tax credit/rebate
Providencia USA, Inc. Blackstone North Carolina state 2012 $2,145,931 tax credit/rebate
Prince Minerals, Inc. American Securities North Carolina state 2012 $1,862 tax credit/rebate
Freedom Group, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management North Carolina state 2012 $3,347 tax credit/rebate
Remington Arms Company, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management North Carolina state 2012 $19,353 tax credit/rebate
Vertellus Performance Materials, Inc. Wind Point Partners North Carolina state 2011 $6,031 tax credit/rebate
AP Exhaust Technologies, Inc. Audax Group North Carolina state 2012 $22,777 tax credit/rebate
American Tire Distributors, Inc. TPG Capital North Carolina state 2012 $20,916 tax credit/rebate
Vertellus Performance Materials, Inc. Wind Point Partners North Carolina state 2012 $1,379 tax credit/rebate
Vertellus Performance Materials, Inc. Wind Point Partners North Carolina state 2010 $2,323 tax credit/rebate
GKN Melrose Industries North Carolina state 1993 $240,408 grant
Corporate Express (printing) Sycamore Partners Management North Carolina state 1997 $300,000 grant
Gates Rubber Blackstone North Carolina state 1997 $400,000 grant
Enviva Riverstone Holdings North Carolina state 2012 $500,000 grant
Freedom Group, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management North Carolina state 2013 $41,642 tax credit/rebate
Affinia Group, Inc. Cypress Group North Carolina state 2013 $33,025 tax credit/rebate
Compuware Corporation Thoma Bravo North Carolina state 2013 $9,891 tax credit/rebate
Frontier Spinning Mills, Inc. American Securities North Carolina state 2013 $121,047 tax credit/rebate
Pharmaceutical Research Associates, Inc. KKR & Co. North Carolina state 2013 $65,813 tax credit/rebate
Affinia Group, Inc. Cypress Group North Carolina state 2013 $45,557 tax credit/rebate
Providencia USA, Inc. Blackstone North Carolina state 2013 $43,120 tax credit/rebate
Magneti Marelli Holding USA, Inc. KKR & Co. North Carolina state 2013 $7,234 tax credit/rebate
AP Exhaust Technologies, Inc. Audax Group North Carolina state 2013 $12,626 tax credit/rebate
Remington Arms Company, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management North Carolina state 1996 $150,000 grant
Frontier Spinning Mills, Inc. American Securities North Carolina state 2008 $20,000 grant
Ply Gem Clayton Dubilier & Rice North Carolina state 2009 $25,000 grant
Ply Gem Clayton Dubilier & Rice North Carolina state 2010 $25,000 grant
Providencia USA, Inc. Blackstone North Carolina state 2011 $56,000 grant
Enviva Riverstone Holdings North Carolina state 2014 $270,000 grant
Enviva, LP Riverstone Holdings North Carolina state 2014 $195,000 grant
Frontier Spinning Mills, Inc. American Securities North Carolina state 2013 $438,781 tax credit/rebate
GKN Automotive Holding, Inc. Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2013 $232,504 tax credit/rebate
GKN Driveline North America, Inc. Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2013 $96,647 tax credit/rebate
The Gates Corporation Blackstone North Carolina state 2013 $57,267 tax credit/rebate
United Stationers Supply Co. Sycamore Partners Management North Carolina state 2013 $18,907 tax credit/rebate
Magneti Marelli Holding USA, Inc. KKR & Co. North Carolina state 2013 $18,658 tax credit/rebate
Armstrong Hardwood Flooring American Industrial Partners North Carolina state 2013 $1,727 tax credit/rebate
Frontier Spinning Mills, Inc. American Securities North Carolina state 2014 $379,317 tax credit/rebate
Providencia USA, Inc. Blackstone North Carolina state 2014 $45,719 tax credit/rebate
Pharmaceutical Research Associates, Inc. KKR & Co. North Carolina state 2014 $18,673 tax credit/rebate
DynCorp Cerberus Capital Management North Carolina state 2014 $2,171 tax credit/rebate
AP Exhaust Technologies, Inc. Audax Group North Carolina state 2014 $3,521 tax credit/rebate
Compuware Corporation Thoma Bravo North Carolina state 2014 $13,831 tax credit/rebate
Freedom Group, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management North Carolina state 2014 $153,675 tax credit/rebate
Compuware Corporation Thoma Bravo North Carolina state 2013 $9,891 tax credit/rebate
Affinia Group, Inc. Cypress Group North Carolina state 2013 $33,025 tax credit/rebate
Freedom Group, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management North Carolina state 2013 $41,642 tax credit/rebate
Prince Minerals, Inc. American Securities North Carolina state 2012 $1,862 tax credit/rebate
Freedom Group, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management North Carolina state 2012 $3,347 tax credit/rebate
Remington Arms Company, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management North Carolina state 2012 $19,353 tax credit/rebate
The Gates Corporation Blackstone North Carolina state 2014 $1,546 tax credit/rebate
Frontier Spinning Mills, Inc. American Securities North Carolina state 2014 $2,725 tax credit/rebate
Sentinel Capital Partners IV, LP Sentinel Capital Partners North Carolina state 2014 $6,500 tax credit/rebate
United Stationers Supply Co. Sycamore Partners Management North Carolina state 2014 $26,932 tax credit/rebate
GKN Driveline Newton, LLC Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2014 $3,535,000 grant
GKN Driveline North America, Inc. II Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2014 $1,340,000 grant
Freedom Group, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management North Carolina state 2014 $153,675 tax credit/rebate
Compuware Corporation Thoma Bravo North Carolina state 2014 $13,831 tax credit/rebate
GKN Driveline North America Melrose Industries North Carolina local 2015 $94,185 grant
GKN Melrose Industries North Carolina local 2012 $25,000 grant
GKN Driveline Newton, LLC Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2016 $1,764,000 grant
GKN Driveline North America, Inc. Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2017 $29,000 grant
GKN Driveline North America, Inc. Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2016 $58,000 grant
GKN Driveline North America, Inc. Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2015 $88,000 grant
Joseph T. Ryerson & Son, Inc. Platinum Equity North Carolina state 2015 $43,000 grant
GKN Driveline North America, Inc. Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2016 $1,710,000 grant
Armstrong Hardwood Flooring American Industrial Partners North Carolina state 2015 $1,727 tax credit/rebate
Frontier Spinning Mills, Inc. American Securities North Carolina state 2016 $2,439 tax credit/rebate
Freedom Group, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management North Carolina state 2016 $2,464 tax credit/rebate
Neustar, Inc. Golden Gate Capital North Carolina state 2016 $2,939 tax credit/rebate
Hexion, Inc. Apollo Global Management North Carolina state 2016 $4,263 tax credit/rebate
AP Exhaust Holdings, Inc. Audax Group North Carolina state 2015 $4,610 tax credit/rebate
Apex Tool Group, LLC Bain Capital North Carolina state 2016 $9,901 tax credit/rebate
Hexion, Inc. Apollo Global Management North Carolina state 2015 $12,789 tax credit/rebate
Freedom Group, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management North Carolina state 2015 $13,928 tax credit/rebate
Apex Tool Group, LLC Bain Capital North Carolina state 2015 $14,474 tax credit/rebate
Pharmaceutical Research Associates, Inc. KKR & Co. North Carolina state 2015 $17,238 tax credit/rebate
AP Exhaust Holdings, Inc. Audax Group North Carolina state 2015 $21,096 tax credit/rebate
Belk, Inc. Sycamore Partners Management North Carolina state 2016 $23,188 tax credit/rebate
GKN Driveline North America, Inc. Melrose Industries North Carolina state 2016 $32,111 tax credit/rebate
United Stationers Supply Co. Sycamore Partners Management North Carolina state 2015 $32,220 tax credit/rebate
Belk Administration Company Sycamore Partners Management North Carolina state 2016 $35,670 tax credit/rebate
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