Subsidy Tracker: Industry Summary Page

Major Industry: 
private equity (including portfolio companies)
Subsidy Total: 
$2,370,907,202
Number of Awards: 
2,649
Time Period: 

Earliest year of data: 1988. Availability of data for earlier years varies greatly from program to program. The majority of the listings for this industry are for the period since 2010.

Notes: 

The dollar total above adjusts for the fact that there is an overlap between the amounts in one or more Megadeal entries and those of one or more of the other entries. The total includes only those entries matched to a parent company. The industry designation is the primary one for the parent's operations overall. Dollar totals do not include awards for which no subsidy value is disclosed.


Top 10 Parent CompaniesTotal Subsidy $Number of Awards
Riverstone Holdings$398,427,62734
Cerberus Capital Management$244,929,589269
Energy Capital Partners$176,495,62729
International Petroleum Investment Company$158,106,84726
Onex$157,974,871107
Blackstone$155,413,27461
Searchlight Capital$135,069,0424
Mid Oaks Investments$121,608,61626
Bridgewater Associates$115,000,0001
Apollo Global Management$100,441,980139


Individual Subsidy Records:

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Company Parent Location Subsidy Source Year Subsidy Valuesort icon Loan/Bailout Value Type of Subsidy
Digital Domain Media Group Searchlight Capital Florida multiple 2009 $135,000,000 MEGADEAL
Williams Olefins LLC International Petroleum Investment Company Louisiana state 2015 $129,509,651 MEGADEAL
Williams Olefins LLC International Petroleum Investment Company Louisiana state 2015 $122,052,596 property tax abatement
Bridgewater Associates Bridgewater Associates Connecticut state 2012 $115,000,000 MEGADEAL
Empire Gen Holdings Energy Capital Partners New York state 2010 $87,035,916 MEGADEAL
Empire Gen Holdings, Inc. Energy Capital Partners New York state 2010 $86,951,916 tax credit/rebate
Remington Arms Cerberus Capital Management Alabama multiple 2014 $68,900,000 MEGADEAL
Flushing Town Center, L.P. Onex New York state 2010 $60,610,624 tax credit/rebate
St. Joseph Energy Partners LLC Ares Management Indiana local 2015 $60,000,000 MEGADEAL
PPL Montana, LLC Riverstone Holdings United States federal 2014 $55,612,423 federal grant
Red River Environmental Products Energy Capital Partners Louisiana state 2011 $55,292,202 property tax abatement
Athens Generating Co LLP Riverstone Holdings New York local 2013 $38,423,245 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
CTA Acoustics, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management Kentucky state 2004 $33,339,720 tax credit/rebate
Solarwinds Silver Lake Utah state 2013 $32,864,576 tax credit/rebate
Athens Generating Co LLP Riverstone Holdings New York local 2010 $27,300,133 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Athens Generating Co LLP Riverstone Holdings New York local 2009 $26,427,335 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Athens Generating Co LLP Riverstone Holdings New York local 2012 $25,823,134 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Athens Generating Co LLP Riverstone Holdings New York local 2011 $25,804,884 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Athens Generating Co LLP Riverstone Holdings New York local 2008 $25,320,013 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Avon Products, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management New York local 2005 $24,779,767 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Athens Generating Co LLP Riverstone Holdings New York local 2007 $24,561,720 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Athens Generating Company, L.P. Riverstone Holdings New York local 2006 $24,401,704 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Harrah's Atlantic City Holding Inc. Apollo Global Management New Jersey state 2012 $24,128,000 tax credit/rebate
Athens Generating Co LLP Riverstone Holdings New York local 2015 $23,563,788 tax credit/rebate
Athens Generating Co LLP Riverstone Holdings New York local 2016 $23,563,788 tax credit/rebate
Athens Generating Co LLP Riverstone Holdings New York local 2014 $23,339,794 tax credit/rebate
C & M FINE PACK INC. Mid Oaks Investments Indiana local 2003 $23,264,610 property tax abatement
Rackspace Apollo Global Management Texas state 2007 $22,000,000 grant
Athens Generating Company, L.P. Riverstone Holdings New York local 2005 $21,128,474 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
INC Research, Inc. Carlyle Group North Carolina state 2007 $19,793,000 grant
Higher One, Inc. Providence Equity Partners Connecticut state 2011 $18,500,000 tax credit/rebate
Sithe Energies Blackstone New York local 2006 $17,607,508 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Sithe Energies Blackstone New York local 2005 $17,558,774 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Athens Generating Company, L.P. Riverstone Holdings New York local 2004 $17,368,211 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Sithe Energies Blackstone New York local 2004 $17,155,873 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Sithe Blackstone New York local 2010 $15,646,169 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Sithe Energies Blackstone New York local 2007 $15,633,628 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Sithe Energies Blackstone New York local 2003 $15,294,929 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Sithe Blackstone New York local 2008 $15,137,477 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Sithe Blackstone New York local 2009 $15,042,689 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Sithe Blackstone New York local 2011 $14,981,165 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Dynamic Industries, Inc. Riverstone Holdings Louisiana state 2009 $13,551,785 tax credit/rebate
Citco Fund Services (USA), Inc. General Atlantic New Jersey state 2005 $12,200,000 grant
Blue Bird Body Co. American Securities Georgia state 2003 $11,000,000 grant
Aleris Rolled Products, Inc./Aleris Rolled Products Manufacturing, Inc. Oaktree Capital Management Kentucky state 2017 $11,000,000 tax credit/rebate
C & M FINE PACK INC Mid Oaks Investments Indiana local 2008 $10,392,746 property tax abatement
Williams Olefins LLC International Petroleum Investment Company Louisiana state 2014 $10,160,000 enterprise zone
Citco Fund Services (USA), Inc. General Atlantic New Jersey state 2007 $10,150,000 grant
C & M FINE PACK INC. Mid Oaks Investments Indiana local 2004 $9,991,985 property tax abatement
C & M FINE PACK INC Mid Oaks Investments Indiana local 2009 $9,837,250 property tax abatement
C & M FINE PACK INC Mid Oaks Investments Indiana local 2007 $9,811,990 property tax abatement
Williams Olefins LLC International Petroleum Investment Company Louisiana state 2016 $9,672,213 property tax abatement
Fleetwood RV, Inc. American Industrial Partners Indiana state 2010 $9,000,000 tax credit/rebate
C & M FINE PACK INC. Mid Oaks Investments Indiana local 2005 $8,900,540 property tax abatement
EAGLEPICHER TECHNOLOGIES, LLC Apollo Global Management United States federal 2018 $8,842,047 federal grant
First Data Corporation KKR & Co. New Jersey state 2015 $8,250,000 tax credit/rebate
FLUSHING TOWN CENTER LP Onex New York state 2007 $8,076,189 tax credit/rebate
PharMerica Institutional Pharmacy Services, Inc. KKR & Co. Kentucky state 2007 $8,000,000 tax credit/rebate
C & M FINE PACK INC Mid Oaks Investments Indiana local 2010 $7,878,910 property tax abatement
Gardner Denver Thomas, Inc. KKR & Co. Louisiana state 2009 $7,181,275 tax credit/rebate
Carestream Health, Inc. Onex New York state 2008 $6,997,464 enterprise zone
Carestream Health, Inc. Onex New York state 2008 $6,997,464 enterprise zone
Flushing Town Center, L.P. Onex New York state 2007 $6,137,438 tax credit/rebate
Williams Olefins LLC International Petroleum Investment Company Louisiana state 2015 $6,093,221 property tax abatement
C & M FINE PACK INC Mid Oaks Investments Indiana local 2011 $5,956,000 property tax abatement
First Data Corporation KKR & Co. New Jersey state 2014 $5,920,000 tax credit/rebate
ENERGYSOLUTIONS, LLC Energy Capital Partners United States federal 2008 $5,890,827 federal grant
Red River Environmental Products Energy Capital Partners Louisiana state 2010 $5,844,402 tax credit/rebate
C & M FINE PACK INC Mid Oaks Investments Indiana local 2006 $5,714,670 property tax abatement
American Stores Properties, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management Illinois Local 1999 $5,600,000 tax increment financing
Citco Fund Services (USA) Inc. General Atlantic North Carolina state 2010 $5,517,000 grant
Higher One, Inc. Providence Equity Partners Connecticut state 2012 $5,500,000 grant
NORDYNE INC C/O NORTEK INC Melrose Industries Missouri state 2004 $5,446,756 tax credit/rebate
FLUSHING TOWN CENTER, LP Onex New York state 2011 $5,243,091 tax credit/rebate
Pfizer Central Research KKR & Co. Connecticut state 2000 $5,000,000 grant
Aleris Rolled Products Manufacturing, Inc. Oaktree Capital Management Kentucky state 2012 $5,000,000 tax credit/rebate
Avon Products, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management New York local 2011 $4,906,974 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Remington Arms Company, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management Kentucky state 2010 $4,500,000 tax credit/rebate
BLUE BIRD BODY COMPANY American Securities United States federal 2018 $4,487,059 federal grant
FLUSHING TOWN CENTER LP Onex New York state 2007 $4,456,137 tax credit/rebate
Avon Products, Inc. / Avon Capital Corporation Cerberus Capital Management New York local 2014 $4,316,092 tax credit/rebate
First Data Resources KKR & Co. Nebraska local 2011 $4,311,014 tax increment financing
Cornerstone Chemical Company H.I.G. Capital Louisiana state 2012 $4,300,001 tax credit/rebate
Lifetime Fitness Leonard Green & Partners Minnesota local 2000 $4,300,000 tax credit/rebate and grant
ENERGYSOLUTIONS LLC Energy Capital Partners United States federal 2007 $4,283,000 federal grant
ENERGYSOLUTIONS, LLC Energy Capital Partners United States federal 2007 $4,283,000 federal grant
First Data Corporation KKR & Co. New Jersey state 2016 $4,250,000 tax credit/rebate
Palm Coast Data, LLC New Mountain Capital Florida state 2008 $4,200,000 tax credit/rebate
C & M FINE PACK INC Mid Oaks Investments Indiana local 2006 $4,194,410 property tax abatement
Remington Arms Company, LLC Cerberus Capital Management Kentucky state 2012 $4,141,831 tax credit/rebate
Avon Products, Inc. / Avon Capital Corporation Cerberus Capital Management New York local 2012 $4,135,581 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
C & M FINE PACK INC Mid Oaks Investments Indiana local 2012 $4,108,190 property tax abatement
Styron LLC Bain Capital Michigan state 2010 $4,096,000 tax credit/rebate
Jewel Foods Stores, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management Illinois Local 2005 $4,000,000 tax increment financing
Avon Products, Inc. / Avon Capital Corporation Cerberus Capital Management New York local 2013 $3,928,757 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Avon Products, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management New York local 2005 $3,847,995 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Avon Products, Inc. Cerberus Capital Management New York local 2009 $3,834,469 tax credit/rebate; property tax abatement
Avon Products, Inc. / Avon Capital Corporation Cerberus Capital Management New York local 2016 $3,711,079 tax credit/rebate
C & M FINE PACK INC Mid Oaks Investments Indiana local 2009 $3,666,950 property tax abatement
Flushing Town Center, L.P. Onex New York state 2009 $3,584,495 tax credit/rebate
Gardner Denver Thomas, Inc. KKR & Co. Louisiana state 2010 $3,528,709 property tax abatement
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